When a person is experiencing medical problems, they may seek assistance from a doctor. There are many different types of doctors, and the kind of doctor that a person chooses is largely determined by the specific concern that they have.

Gastroenterologist General Surgeon Neurosurgeon
Diabetologist Pediatrician Ophthalmologist
Endocrinologist Psychiatrists Hepatologist
Dermatologist Nephrologist Gynecologist
Cardiologist Neurologist Pulmonologist
General Physician Oncologist Rheumatologist
Ent Specialist Orthopedician Dentist
Anesthesiologist Urologist Plastic Surgeon
Pathologist Virologist Immunologist
Dietitian Sexologist Ayurvedic Doctor
Speech Therapist Chiropractor Homeopathy

Even though there are many different types of doctors, there are two major kinds: general care and specialized care. Among these two types of doctors, there is a vast range of specialization & levels of training them.

Different Types Of Doctors In India

This post discusses the various sorts of doctors, their functions, the conditions they cure, and the treatments they are capable of performing.

Let’s know them in detail:


A cardiologist is a medical professional who specializes in the treatment of the cardiovascular system. This means that he or she is responsible for treating any abnormalities in the blood vessels or heart. Included in this category are heart disease and other conditions that require diagnosis and treatment.

 Cardiovascular illness, heart failure, and post-operative care are all examples of conditions that can be treated in this manner.

The education required to be a cardiologist is quite comprehensive. After completing 3 years of internal medicine training, aspiring cardiologists must continue their education for several more years in a cardiology fellowship.


An audiologist, as the name implies, is a medical professional who treats and examines patients' audiological and hearing capacities in all aspects of their lives. Because hearing is such a vital sense, it requires the expertise of a professional to treat it.


According to the American Dental Association, the dentist is a medical practitioner who specializes in oral health care. The oral cavity consists of the teeth, tongue, and gums. A dentist is well-versed in the diagnosis and treatment of problems in these three areas.


Gastroenterologists are medical professionals who specialize in the functioning and illnesses of the digestive tract. It is a specialty that draws physicians who enjoy performing treatments but who are also comfortable treating on an outpatient basis.

Gastroenterology is yet another sub-specialty of general medicine that includes the treatment of digestive disorders.

ENT specialist

ENT is an abbreviation for ear, nose, and throat. They are an expert who deals with and diagnoses the problems and issues that arise in these three areas. An ENT specialist often called an otolaryngologist is a physician who has received specialized training in the treatment of problems of the ENT.

Gynaecologist/ obstetrician

A gynecologist is a medical professional who specializes in the treatment of the female reproductive system, which comprises the vagina, uterus, ovaries, and breasts, among other things.

A gynecologist is a medical specialist in women's health issues, such as women's healthcare, menopause, and hormonal imbalances and difficulties.

Orthopedic surgeon

An orthopedic surgeon is a medical professional who specializes in difficulties involving the musculoskeletal system. Muscles and bones are included in this category. It is necessary to speak with an expert orthopedic surgeon about any fracture, discomfort, or abnormality that occurs in these locations.


Mental health is indeed a wide topic that necessitates our complete and total attention. As a result, because of the mystery surrounding what occurs inside the human brain, treating what occurs inside the human brain is challenging. A psychiatrist is a professional who assists in the treatment and diagnosis of mental health concerns.


Following the peculiarity of mental health, we come to the subject of our furry friends, or, more specifically, animals. A veterinarian is responsible for the treatment & diagnosis of problems in animals. This involves both the mental and physical aspects of one's health.


A radiologist is a physician that specializes in the diagnosis of diseases and internal and exterior damage using imaging techniques such as x-rays, CT scans, MRIs, and ultrasounds, among others. They are the first step towards any type of diagnostic, which cannot be accomplished without the use of a machine.


Lungs are denoted by the term pulmonary, which refers to a doctor who specializes in lung disease. Due to a large number of defects and diseases affecting the lungs in modern times, pulmonologists are often called upon to assist in the diagnosis and treatment of prevalent problems such as lung cancer.


An endocrinologist is a physician who specializes in the treatment of the endocrine system, which encompasses the pituitary gland, the pancreas, ovary, thyroid, hypothalamus, and other organs. They can assist in the treatment of diabetes, hyperthyroidism, and other conditions.

Infectious Disease Physician

Those working in the field of infectious illness deal with diseases that are difficult to diagnose and treat. They also provide treatment for dangerous infections such as swine flu, avian flu, HIV/AIDS, as well as other infectious disorders, among others.


Nephrologists are doctors who specialize in the treatment of renal disease and the prescription of dialysis for patients who have reached kidney failure.


Physicians that specialize in the treatment of eye illnesses and disorders, like cataracts and glaucoma, are known as ophthalmologists.

An ophthalmologist may be able to help you with vision correction if you have a problem that cannot be resolved by an optometrist. Ophthalmologists will also do eye surgery if it is deemed essential.


Oncology is the study of all sorts of malignancies, and it includes breast cancer. This includes the fields of radiation, medicine, and surgery. Oncologists might specialize in a certain type of cancer, and the area is extremely diverse.

Oncology is a field of internal medicine that's also divided into three primary areas: medical oncology, surgical oncology, and radiation oncology (radiation therapy).

Oncologists provide care for cancer patients by treating both the disease itself and the symptoms that arise as a result of the disease.

Participation in clinical trials of an innovative and experimental treatment for cancers that would otherwise be incurable is common among oncologists and their patients.

Oncologists go to medical school and then complete an oncology residency program. There are other fellowships available for oncology subspecialties like pediatric oncology and radiation oncology, among others


According to the profession's name, neurologists are doctors who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the neurological system. Our nervous system is made up of several components, including the brain, spinal cord, sense organs, and all of the nerves.

Cardiothoracic surgeon

The term "thorax" refers to the chest. A cardiothoracic surgeon is a doctor who specializes in the treatment of problems affecting the heart, lungs, esophagus, or other organs in the chest.

Family Physician

Family practice physicians visit patients and provide basic medical care for a wide range of common illnesses and conditions. When it comes to significant health problems, they are frequently the first to detect them, perform diagnostic testing, and send patients to experts when necessary.

After completing medical school, primary care residents complete a three- to five-year residency program in family medicine. Throughout this period, they will get hands-on training in pediatrics, critical care, and other fields of general medicine.

Internal Medicine Physician

General internists are general physicians who specialize in providing primary care to adults.

Internists, as opposed to family practitioners, typically receive more hospital-based training. They could have an office-based practice or work as a hospitalist, in which case they see patients mostly in the hospital environment.

A fellowship in a variety of other disciplines, including endocrinology (hormone-related diseases) or cardiology, may be pursued by internists after they complete their residency training (heart-related issues).


Pediatricians are responsible for the care of children from the time they are born until they reach the age of 18 or, in certain situations, 21.

Childhood primary health care is provided by pediatricians and includes immunizations, general health screenings, school physicals, including treatment of ailments such as coughing, colds, or stomach flu. Pediatricians are also known as pediatricians.

If a child has a more serious ailment, their physician may send them to a pediatric sub-specialist for further evaluation and treatment (e.g., a pediatric orthopedist is a doctor who specializes in treating patients with bone or muscle concerns).

After graduating from medical school, pediatricians must complete at least three years of training in a pediatric residency program that is devoted only to the practice of pediatric medicine. If they decide to pursue a pediatric specialization, they will next be required to complete a fellowship in that particular subspecialty.

Now when you are aware of different types of doctors, their roles and responsibilities, and for what reasons you can visit them, make sure you visit the best doctor as per your needs and get yourself the right treatment and quick recovery.

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