A bone marrow transplant or BMT as it is shortly acronym for is a procedure undergone to replace the damaged or destroyed bone marrow in the patient's body with healthy bone marrow. This process involves replacing the soft fatty tissue present inside the body vital for the production of the blood cells with healthy bone marrow from a donor. The procedure involves matching the donor and giving the cells from his bone marrow to the patient.
A bone marrow transplant is required for various acute or chronic illnesses like myeloma, leukemia, lymphoma, germ cell tumors, myelofibrosis, bone marrow failure, immune disorders, and more.
How Bone Marrow Transplant Works (The Complete Procedure)
The procedure starts with a pre-bone marrow evaluation test to diagnose the medical condition of the patient and its suitability. It helps to identify the current stature of the patient and get them ready for the procedure.
Once the pre-bone marrow evaluation is done, the bone marrow transplant procedure starts. It has with the collection of the bone marrow cells from the donor patient. These cells are stored for use in the later transplant procedure. Then the patient is readied with the pre-transplant treatment which takes around 5-10 days where they are provided with chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Thereafter the patient is then infused with healthy bone marrow cells. This process takes 30 minutes each for one dose of the healthy bone marrow cells.
Once the procedure is done, the patient is then closely monitored during his recovery period to help them recover and subdue any side effects of the procedure.
The cost of a bone marrow transplant depends on various factors like:
Bone marrow transplants are a much-needed treatment to help cure the acute or chronic illnesses of patients in different types of cancer cases and other immunity disorders. This can be a life-saving treatment and help prolong the life of the patient and help them recover to lead a healthy life.